So, all you peanut butter fans,
raise your jars of peanut butter up in the air
and celebrate by taking the trivia quiz below!
Answers also appear at the end of the quiz,
in case the peanuts were turned into peanut butter!)
1. As early as the 15th century, Africans used peanuts by
A) grinding them into stews
B) stringing them as beads for jewelry
C) giving them as gifts to invaders
D) feeding them to animals in their region
2. For centuries, the Chinese have crushed peanuts
A) into pastes for furniture polish
B) to obtain the oil for hair dressing
C) for use in creamy sauces
D) for an aromatic air freshener
3. Civil War soldiers dined on
A) peanut butter sandwiches
B) peanut porridge
C) salted peanuts
D) cracker jacks
4. In 1890, an unknown St. Louis physician supposedly encouraged the owner of a food products company, George A. Bayle Jr., to process and package ground peanut paste as a nutritious protein substitute for
A) people with poor teeth who couldn't chew meat
B) milk, which was frequently tainted
C) starchy vegetables
D) dental adhesive
5. In 1895, Dr. John Harvey Kellogg and his brother W.K. Kellogg, received a patent for the "Process of Preparing Nut Meal" in 1895, described as "a pasty adhesive substance that is for convenience of distinction termed
A) ‘peanut paste’
B) ‘nut butter’
D) ‘nut meal’
6. Joseph Lambert, a Kellogg employee who had worked on developing food processing equipment, began selling his own hand-operated peanut butter grinders in 1896. Three years later, his wife Almeeta published the first nut cookbook, called
A) “The Nutter Butter Cookbook”
B) “The Peanut Butter Cookbook”
C) “Nothing but Nuts Cookbook”
D) "The Complete Guide to Nut Cookery"
7. C.H. Sumner was the first to introduce peanut butter to the world at the
A) World Series baseball game in 1900
B) Universal Exposition of 1904 in St. Louis
C) New Year’s Eve celebration in Times Square in 1902
D) National Peanut Festival in Boston, 1903
8. Krema Products Company in Columbus, Ohio began selling peanut butter in 1908 ~ and is the oldest peanut butter company still in operation today. Krema's founder, Benton Black, used the slogan,
A) "I refuse to sell outside of Ohio"
B) “Nuts to you”
C) “Have a nutter butter peanut butter treat”
D) “Peanuts for peanuts”
9. Joseph L. Rosefield received the first patent for a shelf-stable peanut butter which would stay fresh for up to a year because
A) they were vacuum-packed
B) churned like butter
C) he added preservatives
D) the oil didn't separate from the peanut butter
10. One of the first companies to adopt a new peanut butter churning process was Swift & Company for its E.K. Pond peanut butter, which, in 1928, was renamed
A) Nutter Butter
B) Peter Pan
11. The first crunchy style peanut butter was created in 1934 by
B) Peter Pan
D) Nutter Butter
12. In 1955, Procter & Gamble entered the peanut butter business by acquiring W.T. Young Foods in Lexington, Kentucky, makers of
A) Nutter Butter
C) Peanut Butter ‘N’ Jelly
D) Big Top Peanut Butter.
13. Who said, “"To me, peanut butter is the breakfast of champions!"?
A) Greg Louganis, Olympic Diver
B) Mickey Mantle, professional baseball player
C) Dumbo the Elephant
D) Tiger Woods, golf pro
14. By law, peanut butter must contain a minimum of
A) 75% peanuts and no salt
B) 80% peanuts
C) 90% peanuts and no preservatives
D) 85% peanuts and less than 1% artificial coloring
15. "Peanut butter spreads," a relatively new category now allowed by FDA, contain only
A) 45% peanuts
B) 60% peanuts
C) 70% peanuts
D) 75% peanuts
16. Peanut butter is a staple in _____ of American homes.
17. Consumers prefer creamy to crunchy by a __________ ratio.
A) 60% to 40%
B) 75% to 25%
C) 80 to 20%
D) 30% to 70%
18. The world's largest PB&J sandwich was created November 6, 1993 in
A) Skippy, Massachusetts
B) Jiffytown, Oregon
C) Butterton, Arkansa
D) Peanut, Pennsylvania
19. The average American child will eat ____________ PB&J sandwiches by the time she or he graduates from high school.
20. What year were Reese's Peanut Butter Cups invented?
21. How many peanuts does it take to make a 12 ounce jar of peanut butter?
A) more than 1000
22. If you have arachibutyrophobia (pronounced I-RA-KID-BU-TI-RO-PHO-BI-A), what do you fear?
A) peanut butter mixed with honey
B) peanut butter getting stuck to the roof of your mouth
C) peanut butter-covered spiders
D) butters made with nuts other than peanuts
23. Which U.S. state produces the most peanuts?
24. What baby food company originally manufactured peanut butter?
25. In this popular US peanut butter slogan, which brand did choosy moms choose?
26. "Spread the fun!" is the slogan for what peanut butter maker?
C) Big Top
27. What TV animal was reportedly given peanut butter to make him "talk"?
A) Mr. Ed
C) Francis the Talking Mule
D) Cleo, the basset hound on Topper
1. A) grinding them into stews
2. C) for use in creamy sauces
3. C) peanut porridge
4. A) A) people with poor teeth who couldn't chew meat - Peanut butter was invented as a health food for undernourished patients. The physician apparently had experimented by grinding peanuts in his hand-cranked meat grinder. Bayle mechanized the process and began selling peanut butter out of barrels for about 6¢ per pound..
5. B) ‘nut butter’ - However, their peanut butter was not as tasty as peanut butter today because the peanuts were steamed, instead of roasted, prior to grinding. The Kellogg brothers turned their attention to cereals which eventually gained them worldwide recognition.
6. D) “The Complete Guide to Nut Cookery" - two years later the Lambert Food Company was organized.
In 1903, Dr. George Washington Carver began his peanut research at Tuskeegee Institute in Alabama. While peanut butter had already been developed by then, Dr. Carver developed more than 300 other uses for peanuts and so improved peanut horticulture that he is considered by many to be the father of the peanut industry.
7. B) Universal Exposition of 1904 in St. Louis - He sold $705.11 of the treat at his concession stand and peanut butter was on its way to becoming an American favorite!
8. A) "I refuse to sell outside of Ohio" - This was practical at the time since peanut butter packed in barrels spoiled quickly and an interstate road system had not yet been built.
9. D) the oil didn't separate from the peanut butter
10. B) Peter Pan - In 1932, Rosefield had a dispute with Peter Pan and began producing peanut butter under the Skippy label the following year.
11. C) Skippy - Rosefield created the first crunchy style peanut butter by adding chopped peanuts into creamy peanut butter at the end of the manufacturing process.
12. D) Big Top Peanut Butter - They introduced Jif in 1958 and now operate the world's largest peanut butter plant, churning out 250,000 jars every day!
13. A) Greg Louganis, Olympic Diver
14. C) 90% peanuts and no preservatives – along with no artificial sweeteners or coloring. Some brands add about 7% natural sweeteners and 1% salt for taste, plus a stabilizer to keep the peanut butter fresh and the oil from separating. "Old-fashioned" or "natural" peanut butter does not have the stabilizer so the oil will separate and should be stirred back in before using. Peanut butter does not need to be refrigerated.
15. B) 60% peanuts – they are nutritionally equivalent to peanut butter, although they may contain more sugar or salt. Many companies introduced peanut butter spreads as a reduced-fat alternative to peanut butter. But today there also are real peanut butters on the market (look for Laura Scudder and Smuckers) which are 25% reduced-fat and still contain at least 90% peanuts.
16. C) 89% - We eat about 3.3 pounds of peanut butter per person each year. That is a total of 800 million pounds – and that's enough to coat the floor of the Grand Canyon.! Americans spend almost $800 million a year on peanut butter. Americans eat enough peanut butter in a year to make over 10 billion peanut butter and jelly sandwiches! (Estimating 2 tablespoons peanut butter per sandwich.)
17. A) 60% to 40% - Children and women prefer creamy; men like the crunchy stuff. Folks on the East coast prefer creamy peanut butter, while those on the West Coast prefer the chunky-style.
18. D) Peanut, Pennsylvania – The sandwich was 40 feet long and consisted of 150 pounds of peanut butter and 50 pounds of jelly.
19. C) 1500 - When making a PB&J sandwich, 96% of people put the peanut butter on before the jelly. Although peanut butter is considered to be a kids' food, adults actually eat more peanut butter than kids each year.
20. C) 1923
21. B) 540
22. B) getting peanut butter stuck to the roof of your mouth - Peanut butter sticks to the roof of your mouth because of a process called "hydration of the peanut protein." The high level of protein in peanut butter draws the moisture away from your mouth as you eat it, just like a sponge soaks up water!
23. D) Georgia – Texas is #2
24. C) Beech-Nut
25. B) Jif
26. A) Skippy
27. A) Mr. Ed - No special photography was involved. Before a scene, so the story goes, Mr. Ed's trainer fed him a wad of peanut butter, which sat between cheek and gum. Though the wad of peanut butter was harmless, Ed, being a horse (of course), naturally wanted to get rid of it, which he did by working his lips. When this was synched up with a voice-over, Ed looked like he was talking. The real problem wasn't getting Ed to talk, it was getting him to STOP talking. After a while the horse apparently tumbled to the idea that the humans wanted him to move his lips on camera, and thereafter Ed would commence to orating whether the script called for it or not. Eventually a system was worked out whereby a crop placed against Ed's foreleg was the signal for him to clam up.